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- D&C 119:1-4. What verse 1 describes as handing over "all their surplus property" is a reference to what is commonly called the law of consecration: the saints are here being commanded to give everything over that is not needed. What is curious about this is that this verse calls that obedience to the law of consecration "the beginning of the tithing of my people." Though we often talk about the fact that the word tithing is derived from a "tenth," it is clear that tithing as used here has a broader meaning. It seems to include any sacrifice which the Lord requires of us related to material wealth.
- Verse 3 is clear that this beginning of tithing--"all their surplus property"--comes before tithing. It seems to be a one-time event associated with receiving an inheritance in the land of Zion (verse 5). After that point the "standing law unto them forever" is paying "one-tenth of all their interest annually." (Note that while the first tithe is of property, what we would call assets, the second tithe is of interest, what we would call income.)
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- D&C 119:1-7. Steven C. Harper. "'All Things Are the Lord’s': The Law of Consecration in the Doctrine and Covenants," The Doctrine and Covenants: Revelations in Context, ed. Andrew H. Hedges, J. Spencer Fluhman, and Alonzo L. Gaskill (Provo and Salt Lake City: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, and Deseret Book, 2008), 212–28. Brother Harper explains the Law of Consecration in the Doctrine and Covenants and that this law is still in force. In doing so he discusses the verses in this chapter.
- D&C 119:3-4.Daniel L. Johnson, "The Law of Tithing," Ensign, Nov 2006, pp. 35–36. Elder Johnson refers to this text as he clearly defines what tithing is and is not, and then goes on to explain why the Lord requires his people to pay tithing.
Footnotes are not required but are encouraged for factual assertions that average readers cannot easily evaluate for themselves (such as the date of King Solomon’s death or the nuanced definition of a Greek word). In contrast, insights rarely benefit from footnoting, and the focus of this page should always remain on the scriptures themselves rather than what someone has said about them. Links are actively encouraged on all sections of this page, and links to authoritative sources (such as Strong's Bible Concordance or the Joseph Smith Papers) are preferable to footnotes.