Difference between revisions of "Samuel"

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[[Home]] > [[The Old Testament]] > [[Samuel]] <br>
 
[[Home]] > [[The Old Testament]] > [[Samuel]] <br>
: Suboages: [[1 Samuel 1-8]] • [[1 Samuel 9-15]] • [[1 Samuel 16-31]] • [[2 Samuel 1-10]] • [[2 Samuel 11-24]] <br>
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: Subpages: [[1 Samuel 1-8]] • [[1 Samuel 9-15]] • [[1 Samuel 16-31]] • [[2 Samuel 1-10]] • [[2 Samuel 11-24]] <br>
  
 
:Subpages: First Samuel <br>
 
:Subpages: First Samuel <br>
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;  [[1 Samuel 1 | Next page: 1 Samuel 1]]
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;  [[1 Samuel 1-8 | Next page: 1 Samuel 1-8]]
  
  
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'''Story.''' First and Second Samuel are a single continuous story of the judgeships of Eli and Samuel and the kingships of Saul and David. Samuel is treated here in five major sections:
 
'''Story.''' First and Second Samuel are a single continuous story of the judgeships of Eli and Samuel and the kingships of Saul and David. Samuel is treated here in five major sections:
  
* '''[[1 Samuel 1-3 / 5-8]]: Judgeships of Eli and Samuel.''' The judge Eli fails to discipline his sons, for which he and his house are destroyed. When Samuel's sons take bribes, the people insist both that Samuel's sons not succeed him, and that the less formal role of judge be replaced with a formal king. At the conclusion of this section the Lord instructs Samuel to acquiesce in anointing a king.
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* '''[[1 Samuel 1-8 | 1 Samuel 1-3 / 5-8]]: Judgeships of Eli and Samuel.''' The judge Eli fails to discipline his sons, for which he and his house are destroyed. When Samuel's sons take bribes, the people insist both that Samuel's sons not succeed him, and that the less formal role of judge be replaced with a formal king. At the conclusion of this section the Lord instructs Samuel to acquiesce in anointing a king.
  
 
* '''[[1 Samuel 9-15]]: Saul's early kingship.''' This section begins with Samuel anointing Saul to become king. Saul proves to be an energetic king, and his kingship quickly gains popular support. But then he twice disobeys the Lord's instructions given through the prophet Samuel. At the conclusion of this section the prophet Samuel abandons king Saul, never to see him again.
 
* '''[[1 Samuel 9-15]]: Saul's early kingship.''' This section begins with Samuel anointing Saul to become king. Saul proves to be an energetic king, and his kingship quickly gains popular support. But then he twice disobeys the Lord's instructions given through the prophet Samuel. At the conclusion of this section the prophet Samuel abandons king Saul, never to see him again.
  
* '''[[1 Samuel 16-30]]: Saul's late kingship.''' This section begins with Samuel anointing David to succeed Saul as king, and David then entering the service of king Saul. Saul is cut off from the word of the Lord through the prophet, and he is jealous of David who he realizes will succeed him as king. Saul spirals downward into murder and witchcraft until, at the end of this section, his heir Jonathan is killed in battle and Saul himself commits suicide.
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* '''[[1 Samuel 16-31]]: Saul's late kingship.''' This section begins with Samuel anointing David to succeed Saul as king, and David then entering the service of king Saul. Saul is cut off from the word of the Lord through the prophet, and he is jealous of David who he realizes will succeed him as king. Saul spirals downward into murder and witchcraft until, at the end of this section, his heir Jonathan is killed in battle and Saul himself commits suicide.
  
 
* '''[[2 Samuel 1-10]]: David's early kingship.''' Upon the death of Saul, David's kingship is accepted immediately in the south of Israel and eventually in the north. David defeats numerous external threats and captures Jerusalem.
 
* '''[[2 Samuel 1-10]]: David's early kingship.''' Upon the death of Saul, David's kingship is accepted immediately in the south of Israel and eventually in the north. David defeats numerous external threats and captures Jerusalem.
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== Historical setting ==
 
== Historical setting ==
  
''This heading should be brief and explain facts about the historical setting that will help a reader to understand the book. Click the link above and to the right to edit or add content to this heading. →''
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''This section should be brief and explain facts about the historical setting that will help a reader to understand the book. Click the link above and to the right to edit or add content to this heading. →''
  
 
A broader treatment of the history of ancient Israel, including Samuel, is found at [[Old Testament: Historical Overview#United kingdom.2C 1049-931 BC |Old Testament: Historical Overview]].
 
A broader treatment of the history of ancient Israel, including Samuel, is found at [[Old Testament: Historical Overview#United kingdom.2C 1049-931 BC |Old Testament: Historical Overview]].
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== Discussion ==
 
== Discussion ==
  
''This heading is for more detailed discussions of all or part of a passage. Discussion may include the meaning of a particular word, how a doctrinal point is developed throughout the passage, insights to be developed in the future, and other items. Contributions may range from polished paragraphs down to a single bullet point. The focus, however, should always be on understanding the scriptural text consistent with LDS doctrine. Click the link above and to the right to edit or add content to this heading. →''
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''This section is for detailed discussion such as the meaning of a symbol, how a doctrinal point is developed throughout a passage, or insights that can be further developed in the future. Contributions may range from polished paragraphs down to a single bullet point. The focus, however, should always be on understanding the scriptural text consistent with LDS doctrine. Click the link above and to the right to edit or add content to this heading. →''
  
 
=== Four main characters: Eli, Samuel, Saul, David ===
 
=== Four main characters: Eli, Samuel, Saul, David ===
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;  [[1 Samuel 1 | Next page: 1 Samuel 1]]
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;  [[1 Samuel 1-8 | Next page: 1 Samuel 1-8]]

Revision as of 22:44, 14 November 2015

Home > The Old Testament > Samuel

Subpages: 1 Samuel 1-81 Samuel 9-151 Samuel 16-312 Samuel 1-102 Samuel 11-24
Subpages: First Samuel
Subpages: Second Samuel

                                                                 Next page: 1 Samuel 1-8


This page would ideally always be under construction. You are invited to contribute.


Summary

This section should be very brief. Click the link above and to the right to edit or add content to this heading. →

Relationship to Old Testament. The relationship of Samuel to the Old Testament as a whole is discussed at Old Testament: Organization.

Story. First and Second Samuel are a single continuous story of the judgeships of Eli and Samuel and the kingships of Saul and David. Samuel is treated here in five major sections:

  • 1 Samuel 1-3 / 5-8: Judgeships of Eli and Samuel. The judge Eli fails to discipline his sons, for which he and his house are destroyed. When Samuel's sons take bribes, the people insist both that Samuel's sons not succeed him, and that the less formal role of judge be replaced with a formal king. At the conclusion of this section the Lord instructs Samuel to acquiesce in anointing a king.
  • 1 Samuel 9-15: Saul's early kingship. This section begins with Samuel anointing Saul to become king. Saul proves to be an energetic king, and his kingship quickly gains popular support. But then he twice disobeys the Lord's instructions given through the prophet Samuel. At the conclusion of this section the prophet Samuel abandons king Saul, never to see him again.
  • 1 Samuel 16-31: Saul's late kingship. This section begins with Samuel anointing David to succeed Saul as king, and David then entering the service of king Saul. Saul is cut off from the word of the Lord through the prophet, and he is jealous of David who he realizes will succeed him as king. Saul spirals downward into murder and witchcraft until, at the end of this section, his heir Jonathan is killed in battle and Saul himself commits suicide.
  • 2 Samuel 1-10: David's early kingship. Upon the death of Saul, David's kingship is accepted immediately in the south of Israel and eventually in the north. David defeats numerous external threats and captures Jerusalem.
  • 2 Samuel 11-24: David's late kingship. This section begins with David not going out to battle with his troops, committing adultery with Bathsheba, and arranging the intentional death of Uriah. Unlike Saul, however, David acknowledges his sin without excuse, is not cut off from the word of the Lord through the prophet, and does not go into a self-destructive spiral. But throughout the remainder of his reign, tragedy is played out in the lives of David's children as he fails to discipline his sons when they commit crimes and rebel. The book of Samuel concludes with David installing Solomon as his successor.

Message. Themes, symbols, and doctrinal points emphasized in Samuel include:

  • Comparisons and contrasts between the four main characters of Eli, Samuel, Saul, and David.

Historical setting

This section should be brief and explain facts about the historical setting that will help a reader to understand the book. Click the link above and to the right to edit or add content to this heading. →

A broader treatment of the history of ancient Israel, including Samuel, is found at Old Testament: Historical Overview.

Discussion

This section is for detailed discussion such as the meaning of a symbol, how a doctrinal point is developed throughout a passage, or insights that can be further developed in the future. Contributions may range from polished paragraphs down to a single bullet point. The focus, however, should always be on understanding the scriptural text consistent with LDS doctrine. Click the link above and to the right to edit or add content to this heading. →

Four main characters: Eli, Samuel, Saul, David

  • The four main characters in Samuel are the judges Eli and Samuel, and the kings Saul and David. This grid is a useful way to think of the relationships:
  Eli    Samuel 
Saul David
Samuel does not draw explicit comparisons and contrasts between these four people. But Samuel provides enough information to make doing so easy.

Three sons of Zeruiah: Abishai, Joab, Asahel

  • David's sister Zeruiah had three sons who figure prominently in the story of Samuel. Understanding the relationship between the three brothers, and between them and David, will make it easier to understand some of the action in the story.

Outline and page map

This section contains an outline for the entire book. Items in blue or purple text indicate hyperlinked pages that address specific portions of the book. Click the link above and to the right to edit or add content to this heading. →

Unanswered questions

This section is for questions along the lines of "I still don't understand ..." Please do not be shy. The point of these questions is to identify things that still need to be addressed on this page. Click the link above and to the right to edit or add content to this heading. →

Prompts for life application

This section is for prompts that suggest ways in which a passage can influence a person's life. Prompts may be appropriate either for private self reflection or for a class discussion. Click the link above and to the right to edit or add content to this heading. →

Prompts for further study

This section is for prompts that invite us to think about a passage more deeply or in a new way. These are not necessarily questions that beg for answers, but rather prompts along the lines of "Have you ever thought about ..." Prompts are most helpful when they are developed individually, thoughtfully, and with enough background information to clearly indicate a particular direction for further study or thought. Click the link above and to the right to edit or add content to this heading. →

Resources

This section is for listing links and print resources, including those that are also cited elsewhere on this page. A short comment about the particular strengths of a resource can be helpful. Click the link above and to the right to edit or add content to this heading. →

Translations and Lexicons.

Related passages that interpret or shed light on Genesis

  • The Joseph Smith Translation made changes to the following verses in Samuel. This list is complete:[1]
  • 1 Samuel 15:11, 35
  • 1 Samuel 16:16, 23
  • 1 Samuel 18:10
  • 1 Samuel 19:9
  • 1 Samuel 28:9-15
  • 2 Samuel 12:13
  • 2 Samuel 24:16-17

References cited on this page.

  • Wayment, Thomas A., ed. The Complete Joseph Smith Translation of the Old Testament, p. 132-35. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 2009. (ISBN 1606411314) BX8630.A2 2009

Other resources.

Notes

Footnotes are not required but are encouraged for factual assertions that average readers cannot easily evaluate for themselves (such as the date of King Solomon’s death or the nuanced definition of a Greek word). In contrast, insights rarely benefit from footnoting, and the focus of this page should always remain on the scriptures themselves rather than what someone has said about them. Links are actively encouraged on all sections of this page, and links to authoritative sources (such as Strong's Bible Concordance or the Joseph Smith Papers) are preferable to footnotes.

  1. Wayment, The Complete Joseph Smith Translation of the Old Testament, p. 132-35.

                                                                 Next page: 1 Samuel 1-8