Ex 6:1-5

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The Old Testament > Exodus > Chapter 6

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Lexical notes[edit]

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Verse 2-8: Chiasmus[edit]

Scholars have pointed out a chiasm in these verses (see Liebowitz reference below):

(A): I am the Lord (v. 2)
  (B): I appeared to and promised land to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (vv. 3-4)
    (C1): I heard you in bondage (v. 5)
    (C2): I am the Lord and I will bring you out (v. 6)
      (D): I will redeem you with a stretched out arm and with great judgment (v. 6)
      (D'): I will take you to me for a people, and I will be to you a God, and you shall know that I am your God (v. 7)
    (C2'): I am the Lord your God, who brings you out (v. 7)
    (C1'): from under the burdens of the Egyptians (v. 7)
  (B'): I will bring you into the land according to promise given Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (v. 8)
(A'): I am the Lord (v. 8) 

The focus of the chiasm is on God redeeming his people. The connotation seems to be redemption by punishing Israel's enemies, although the "stretched out arm" could also be taken as a welcoming gesture (see lexical note for verse 6).

Related links[edit]

  • Chiasmus: See Nehama Leibowitz, Studies in Shemot (Exodus): Volume 1 (Shemot-Yitro) translated by Aryeh Newman (ISBN ??), p. 117.

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